Myanmar`s Coastal,- Communities Lives, Tourism Development & Investment Protection

The ” Care Taker highlighted Environmental Protection by the new Coast Guard of Myanmar in 2021
Lets Hope that in 2022 again a Myanmar & Arrakan Government – State, Union as well Townships will be able to Quality Control,- to LAW Enforce their own (2004, 2006 ) 2015 Beach Protection Laws – 
See below a last years write up of the 16 years progress & in 2020 great success of Arrakan – Ngapali / Gwa Beach Protection – ZERO White Beach Sand Constructions 

I like to recall the past documentary as below  just one year ago at Thandwe – Ngapali Prime Beach Region and all Arrakan State Coastal regions.The than Myanmar Elected Government Union, Arrakan State, Thandwe & Ngapali as well the Ngapali based Army Commands,- succeeded in a near 100 % protection of all Arrakan Coastal protection. A protection of livelihood to communities, people investment and tourism development.  Effectively protecting the all Arrakan Beach Sand ” BY Order ” , Black Thandwe or others river sand only allowed for any construction. TCDC Thandwe – Ngapali Municipal, Ngapali Army followed direct and all contractors told us ” Black River Sand ONLY allowed “. Which as well is 30 % lower in cost, river sand is no harm – salty beach sand is deadly poison to all RC Construction as bridges, schools, hospitals, police station, Thandwe Prisons ( as we see in 2021 all of a sudden again illegally used ). The than government piled up mountain high depots of black river sand also to have sustainable building material at monsoons high Thandwe River ( just as at Shwe Li River Hydropower Dam Project which was just visited by Union Info Minister General Maung Maung Ohn on 17./18.12.21 where since many years highest black river sand mountains pile up for the dam – no one ever would take the deadly risk to build an RC Dam with Salty, Chlorinated white Beach Sand ,— for Schools, Hospitals, Prison Extensions YES this 2021 Thandwe Government took these risks again. Let alone a 30 % higher cost is a not needed 30 % higher state and union budget spending — some call it wasting Union & State Budgets. *****Ngapali & Arrakan Beaches & Tourism Sustainability by :Brigadier General,- a BEST Union D. Tourism Minister for over 17 years – Aye Myint Kyu is the ” brain child ” for Rakhine sustainable Beach Development ” with his 2004 ” Beach Protection Rules and Laws. Enforced on 17th January 2015 by than President General Thein Sein and ensured by today s Union SAC INFO Minister General Maung Maung Ohn that time the Arrakan Prime Minister. Having had all these 2004 rules and laws installed as legal General Administration Laws for Thandwe & Pathein District ordered Kayaka s & Mayaka s – Yayaka s ( District, Township and Village ) leader ships to enforce these laws at Ngapali, Gentali, Gwa, Kanthaya , Chaung Thar and Ngwe Saung Beaches.Today SAC Union Hotel & Tourism Minister at a Ngapali Beach & Tourism Protection meeting instructed the District & Township leader to protect Ngapali Beach sand on 6.5.2015 at the Amazing Hotel Ngapali and he ordered the Myanmar – Thandwe Police to law enforce the orders and laws issued by Union President General Thein Sein overlooked by today SAC Union INFO Minister General Maung Maung Ohn.with not much success as Thandwe – Ngapali Authorities neglected the order and ZERO Information were published to the all public prevent from law enforcement. It was only the 2018 elected Myanmar Government under Union Tourism Minister U Ohn Maung through Ko Win Maung Maung head of Thandwe Tourism Ministry MOHT ( after fighting the legal way through local administrations ) that the 2004 Myanmar Beach Protection Laws & Rules were allowed by Kayaka – Mayaka at public areas ( 5 numbers ONLY as no budget – private tourism industry sponsored another 5 banner for the educational period to all coastal area communities ). 

In 2020 the Elected Government as well Ngapali Army stopped effectively White Beach Sand for any Construction.So it was ONLY the 2020 elected Government which succeed next to the posts as educational strict order were given to all concerned resulting in all Thandwe District official construction changed 100 % to black River sand including the fencing of Burma Army areas, ” Black Sand ONLY by ORDER ” each contractor told us. 
Than in all 2021 all back to the most negative management 100 years ago in Thandwe & Gwa Districts-– as no one at Thandwe & Ngapali GAD leadership as Myanmar Police Force,- had knowledge of any 2004 or 17.1.2017 President Thein Seins order – Rakhine PM General Maung Maung Ohn s enforcement of GAD Beach Protection Laws & Rules to protect the Myanmar people, communities, coastal area , Investments in Rakhine state. since February 2021 all construction sides changed back to white beach sand – 30 % higher cost per truck ( why one would do this ) and than for an usually stolen ” Peoples Public Property ” the Ngapali & Rakhine Beach Sand ??? . Schools, Markets, Streets, Thandwe Police, Prison extension, Army compound walls all is built again with White Ngapali Beach Sand = Killing Myanmar s Natural Coastal protection against raising ocean levels at Climate Change and Global warming. One could conclude a very short sighted Administration – ignoring the already in 2020 achieved success switching to Black Thandwe or other Rivers sands – saving also 30 % State & Union funding.
I leave it to anyone or the one might be in charge for such or these Thandwe GAD management to judge why they had changed back to Rakhine Coastal destruction, destroy future Tourism , endanger school children, and others in salty sand – chlorinated Beach Sand built RC Schools.   

All this in the wake of a time when Senior General Min Aung Hlaing opens in 2021 the ” Myanmar Coast Guard ” at Thanlyin Yangon with 4 big ships to ” Enforce the laws and rules at all Myanmar coast – the Care Taker highlighted among three main reason the ” All Environmental Protection of all Myanmar Coast “,.. The best the care taker can do today to have one of the 4 Coast Guard ships and unit stationed at Thandwe – Ngapali – Gwa Beaches and ensure together with the already in Thandwe so never seen ” Myanmar Maritime Police ” or their speed boat which have the same duty — so are ” useless ” ordered to stay at Keymo Village at Thandwe river ONLY instead or being active at the Ngapali Beach front when daily crimes against the environment and Peoples Public Property happens in front even of Tourism & Info Union SAC Ministers when they staid and had development meetings at ” Amata Hotel, Amazing Ngapali & Paradise Hotels ” between 12. November and 18. December 2021 … So every one must expect Nay Pyi Taw knows it now and we all can hope and bet only on these men s actions as they did strong in 2015 to Protect any white beach sand of Arrakan Coast . 17th January 2015 today info Minister General Maung Maung Ohn enforced the 2004 Beach Protection Rules & Laws as Thandwe & Pathein Districts GAD Laws — while today Union Tourism Minister ” Ordered ” Kayaka, Mayaka, Thandwe Police to enforce and law enforce that ZERO White Beach Sand of all Arrakan coast is NOT used for any construction  project as it will eventually kill communities, destroy investments and blocks sustainable development where ever a coastal Arrakan region is miss used for greed and authorities miss management . 
Lets Hope that in 2022 again a Myanmar & Arrakan Government – State, Union as well Townships will be able to LAW Enforce their own (2004 ) 2015 Beach Protection Laws – will they had shown and proven already — success faded away in 2021 to a total failure when one looks at Thandwe Prison extension, Amy walls, Schools in Myabin, Keytaw, Linthar, Village RC streets and Thandwe Police fencing next to many others .  
See below a last years write up of the 16 years progress & in 2020 great success of Arrakan – Ngapali / Gwa Beach Protection – ZERO White Beach Sand Constructions ****

Happy Birthday H.E. The State Counselor,-  Thank YOU Most, to protect Environment, 

ZERO Beach Sand by Order – Save Ngapali Beach – Arakan, 19 June 2020

River Sand ONLY at near all Constructions – Succeeds over 90 % / Ngapali

Best Practice “Hats Up” for H.E. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Leadership Union & State. A Great RESET,- by Order River Sand ONLY @ Ngapali Beach. As the Thandwe GAD has shifted to the Civilian Government. Today Arakan State & Municipal constrictions ordered ZERO Beach Sand.

The Myanmar Army followed soon, the Sustainable Leadership of ” The Lady “. Now River Sand ONLY, at 90% Government Projects = 90% ZERO Beach Sand

Sand Mining World Class Documentary which State Leaders MUST See: 

All Public, Tourism & Fishery, Associations, Federations, industries NOW need to support to ensure Governments Daily Success

NLD Union Government reduces Thandwe corruption, saves & makes money,…                                     

Most Positive Law Enforcement seen for people & Tourism 1. time Ever in Ngapali Beach

see below also page 3:                                                                                                                                 

   These Government Ngapali Construction Projects are 100 % ZERO Beach Sand                                    

see also page 6, with media links below ( thanks to all media ): 

A Chronology of Destructive Sand Mining, Ngapali / Myanmar – 2013 to 2020

NLD now saves 90 % of Ngapali Tourism Beach sand & 45 % of Union & State Budgets Black River sand cost 55.000 Kyat – 2 ton, License & Tax paid / Beach Sand 100.000 Kyat 

The 2004 Union Tourism D. Minister`s ” Brain Child ” come TRUE,                                                                         

A real “Great RESET in Business” – as Minister Thaung Tun asked for,…

Thank YOU, UNION & Rakhine State Government for ( 90 % ) enforcing the LAW Union, Rakhine State, Municipal, road, airport, army s & Ministries projects River Sand by Order Only. For any present Construction at Ngapali & Thandwe Town, side & main roads, buildings army fence .

Congratulation, to H.E. The State Counselor for this Success in Law Enforcement for Ngapali People & Tourism

Oliver E Soe Thet,– 

Environmentalist & Chef Consulting Tourism & Arakan Nature Protection Management

Former Environmental Advisor to Myanmar Government / President Myanmar Chefs Association                                                                                                                             Global Board Member, World Chefs Without Borders,  Ngapali Beach Front,-  Sweet Arakan within Myanmar, 19.6.2020

Municipal Thandwe ” Zibin “, has the best Transparency (village/city roads)

– Each project site shows transparent, Engineers with pictures, drawing of the project, detail info on material used etc etc to all public. Thandwe Zibin controls the contractors by own engineers at sites.

– In town Ministries, Banks & GAD buildings must have the same transparency to the public ZERO Beach Sand ordered now.

Why still Ngapali Hotels & Guesthouses  do not need all these ” Permits ” shown at all MOHT? Why Hotels & Guest Houses today use Beach Sand and tomorrow get MOHT License ??  

Sad at World Bank financed Gwa road, Zebigyi, Gaw rd, Thandwe – Keytaw new road,- Thandwe GAD government still has NO EYE`s ( or closed Eyes ), where white Beach Sand is used daily – create Erosion.                 

World Wildlife Fund-Myanmar survey team who has been tracking the sand mining boats and barges from satellite at Ayeyarwaddy in 2018 / 19, Why not so Invited to do the same with Trucks from Taunguk – Thandwe / Ngapali Beaches to Gwa. Latest Mega Beach City Projects, Ngwe Thaung Yan, north of Chaungthar show the same destructive crime to coastal communities as Mega Companies not even cared the ” Myanmar State Counselor, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi at her last visit & villager meeting.      

Need to stop World Bank road money for Coastal Destruction Gwa – Thandwe, Rakhine as building with Peoples & Tourism Beach Sand.

Many Ngapali Tourism Hotels still cannot follow 2006/04/ 15/18/19 Laws & still use today white Beach Sand                                       

in Linthar & Ngapali`s Zibigone Villages ( in process ), help killing Rakhine Tourism.  Due to beach theftbeaches will be a thing of the past. That is the alarming forecast of scientists and environmental NGOs. Ngapali & Rakhine`s local populations struggling to reverse the threat to their future.  

See Ngapali:    

Sand World Class Documentary which State Leaders MUST See:

 A FILM BY DENIS DELESTRAC. the film inspired the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) to publish a Global Environmental Alert in March 2014 titled “Sand, rarer than one thinks”.[2]

,… NLD`s Government s move comes not without another benefit: Reduce Corruption, Sure Tax income, License fees , 100% saves Investment, Tourism, protects Arakan villages in coastal areas, chlorine free – save to build sand and 45 % lower cost ( money not miss used for corruption ), 45% saving of Union & State budgets by the present Union Government at Ngapali – Thandwe. Black river sand cost 55.000 kyat – 2 ton,/ white beach sand cost 100.000 kyat 2 ton. 

Why one would pay 100.000 kyat when you get it cheaper, legal & better quality, eco & tourism friendly for 55.000 kyat only. Corruption or / and miss use of State Funds at Thandwe looses out, Great Efforts. Disappearing of  beaches happened in many other places like Greece, Morocco, Vietnam & Bali where greed, ignorance and corruption have overridden the need to provide long-term sustainability for beach environments. Where even Myanmar President was overridden by the Thandwe Government 2014/15. 

The ” Face of Thandwe is in Ngapali & Thandwe city ( ONLY ) ” with two eyes Goverment stops Beach Sand use here ( only ). 

The today Myanmar Government finally ( at present ) succeed to stop ( 90 % ) of beach sand for constructions. At least in Thandwe and near Ngapali Beach areas. As the eyes are at the front. Union, Rakhine State, Municipal, roads ( village and Thandwe to Ngapali ), airport, army s & Ministries projects River Sand by Order,….  

Now that the GAD has been shifted to the Ministry for the Union Government Office, the National League for Democracy administration has the authority to reform the licensing of sand mining. It is an opportunity that it should seize – both to protect the Rakhine Beaches as well Ayeyarwady basin for future generations, but also to show that the shift of the GAD to civilian control can lead to important, meaningful reform.

Most Positive Law Enforcement seen 1. time ever in Ngapali Thandwe                 

NLD saves 90% of Beach Sands & 45 % of Union & State Budget

Black River sand cost 55.000 Kyat – 2 ton, License & Tax paid White Beach Sand & illegal taken, cost 100.000 Kyat, stolen, no tax, corruption included

1.) Great Union & Rakhine State Government moves: Road Constructions, repairs, new Government buildings at Thandwe / Ngapali are now by order ONLY River Sand allowed. Other big as Bank s buildings are done by black river sand only.

“It Starts all from Kayaka – Mayaka – GAD”, a red sign reads at their office. These Government Constructions are 100 % ZERO Beach Sand. Thank YOU H.E. The State Counsoler – Great Start for sustainable Development & Ngapali Tourism.

We talked to all the contractor,- as well the all Thandwe Municipal is top transparent managed – quality controlled with all engineers, contracors & details shown at and for the Public. Well Best Governance Practice at Thandwe Municipal since mid May 2018 new leadership.   

a.) Reality the Thandwe GAD`s, ONLY black River Sand for its new building construction

b.) Thandwe & Keytaw Markets by Municipal renovated all River sand ONLY 

c.) All village, city or side new concrete roads are controlled by Thandwe Municipal.

d.) Ngapali Beach Public Area Construction by Thandwe Municipal – all Black sand.

e.) All Highway surface repairs are Rakhine State Government controlled.

f.) Thandwe/Ngapali Airport runway extension ONLY Black River Sand allowed by Union

g.)  Union Ministry of Health builds new staff house with Black river sand only

h.) Union Environment, Mines & Forestry Ministry builds new Office Black River Sand    

Black Sheep Keytaw GAD – Beach sand for roads, ignoring the Union & State Orders,..

So Keytaw GAD & Engineers might have put the river sand budget somewhere,- as these village roads are still built with free of charge taken Beach sand – against all other such ” Thandwe Municipal Budget & Controlled ” projects past 4 month s 2020.  Keytaw GAD totally ignoring the Rakhine State & Union Government s order. 

Black Sheep – Thandwe GAD ” NEW Road ” – Thandwe – Keytaw is all made & making by white Beach Sand,possible financed by the several ” Real Estate Giants “,- pushing up with the RC road the land plot prices – trying to create a new city – out of the involvement of old Village leader. Best known as loving Ngapali White Tourism Beach Sand for concrete roads behind Myabin only, at his time as village leader. There is still no sense of protecting sustainable Investment & Tourism. Since years destroy Rakhine coastal area communities and peoples lively hood,- did against big money away Rakhine`s natural Cyclone, Monsoon and Flood protections at Beachfronts in Ngapali. There the new great Governments efforts did not reach open ears – of ZERO Beach Sand ( which is white – legal River Sand is black ).       

Great Burma Army orders ZERO Beach Sand: Sustainable, Community & Tourism protective Construction.

The local GE from Burma Army ordered to the contractors or fencing at Linthar Dam, Black River sand only. Great same sustainable orders by Myanmar Army at concrete fencing around their Linthar Dam land along the main road – ZERO Beach Sand – ONLY Black River sand used and allowed. Protecting Rakhine coastal erosion, saving communities, investments & tourism opportunities. 100 % ZERO Beach Sand, a great move & 45 % money saved not drained by corruption. We talked to all contractor.   

Myanmar Union D. Tourism Minister U Aye Myint Kyu laid the Beach Protection Law Foundations in 2004. 


NO Eyes Governments Head has at the back, at Thandwe – Gwa Road                       

World Bank finances Illegal Sand for A1 Highway, Gwa to Thandwe today ??  When legal river sand is near & half price, why than to get Beach sand from far and double price ?  What are Arakan State Construction Ministry is doing – never hear the ZERO Beach Sand order – or some making money in the COVID19 shaddow.

The Gwa road is NOT corruption controlled. Even the river sand is at near half price, direct around the corner,- there are people and ” cover up ” at Thandwe Government with mountains of white Beach Sand for Rakhine State Governments road surface repair projects today. YES also a Government s Head has the eyes only at the front as we all. It is near 100 % more costly,- or of course 55 % less cost when stolen from Peoples Public Property, destroy natural cyclone shelter – create coastal erosion, endanger all Rakhine beach communities, destroy Investment and Tourism to Myanmar,- great loss of economical development for all by some ONLY. The names, their houses and car numbers are well known and still – The Rakhine Government cannot enforce the law here – with live threats announced. That has since years nothing to do with any insurgent army. This is the result of corruption at District,- Township and Myanmar Police Force leadership – here still today ZERO Law Enforcement – No need AA.             

Request for Ngapali & Gwa, all Rakhine Beaches stop the last remaining criminals taking Peoples Public Property. STOP Coastal Erosion through Beach Sand mining ( today 16.6.20 ),- endanger hundreds of Rakhine village communities, lives, investments business opportunities – destroy the job future of hundred thousands of Rakhine people living from the Ocean and The Beaches since thousands of years. Support the Union & State governments efforts to use black river sand only – stop & law enforce the white Beach Sand minor all over Gwa to Ngapali – building new Thandwe – Keytaw Road or Asia 1 Highway – miss using World Bank money by corruption which sure needs GAD officers support.

8 years History of Thandwe`s destructive Beach Sand Mining

15.3.2015, last Tourism destructive actions of President Thein Sein` s – Thandwe township administrator U Than Zaw Hangranted permission to take sand from three beaches in the area: Zeephyukone, Got and Linntha. He was than by present Government transferred to Nay Pyi Taw. On the apparent conflict with the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism directive, he said that the constitution grants the regional government the right to issue orders related to regional development. ( Destroy Coastal regions, natural Cyclone and Flood barrier, endanger all Rakhine coastal village communities & there all Rakhine peoples health, life & lively hood. U Than Zaw Han`s order Damaged regional investments, Tourism and any sustainable development ). Thank s to the Daw Aung San Suu Kyi Government today much,- not all such poor educated and short sighted non sustainable Governance is on the right way. Pls ensure the rest missing.      

15.3.2015 The Department of Water Resources and Department of Environmental Conservation and Forestry inspected the sites to ensure the environmental impact of taking the sand is minimised, U Than Zaw Han added. Today 16.6.2020 the same Thandwe Ministries Manager complains that at Thandwe – Keytaw new Concrete road ” white beach sand is used still,- same as at Gwa Rd – World Bank financed – destroy Rakhine`s Communities all coastal regions & future.   

Introduced in 2004 by than Myanmar s Union Deputy Hotels & Tourism Minister – U Aye Myint Kyu` s ” Brain Child ” to manage & development at all Myanmar’s beach resorts in line with his ” environmental protective Tourism development mind set “,  the Myanmar Hotels and Tourism Law, the Directives for Coastal Beach Areas explicitly forbid the “digging of beach sand”. A Thandwe-based Ministry of Hotels and Tourism official confirmed that the ministry had prohibited the taking of sand from the beach, but said it only applied to hotels and guesthouses. “We had forbidden digging sand … in the beach areas because it could be destroying the beauty of nature and environment,” U Win Maung Maung said on March 11.2015.

Singapore ASEAN`s & World`s biggest importer of Illegal sand mining reported in 2014 to Singapore, the top importer in the world with 517 million tons of sand in the last 20 years (UN Comtrade, 2014). Near all stolen from ” Good ASEAN Family members “. 30 Indonesian islands vanished through Singapore` s hunger for “Family members Land” no difference to war & death.    

President Thein Sein told us, 2.10.2013 Ngapali Beach s Tourism Industry

 ,…. at Annawar Yeikhta – Ngapali State Guesthouse told us all: “,… I, U Thein Sein will come back after 5 years. I will come than by boat from the ocean. I want to be sure today ( 2013 ) that the Ngapali Beach Skyline does not change. – Soft White Sanded pristine Beaches, followed by high growing coconut trees and blending into the always green low level start of the Arakan Yoma – the Rakhine mountains in the back.- Only than we in Myanmar have a chance to win over Tourist hearts compared to Bali and Vietnams beaches. I have been there and saw the disaster. Myanmar must not repeat the mistakes. Only than we are able to protect Rakhine coastal region village communities – people, investment and a future good development for Myanmar as Union “. 

President Thein Sein next to be a ” gentleman ” also spoke with his wise and future visions, ordered several times,- as also Rakhine s ( USDP ) prime Ministers Hla Maung Tin and Mg Mg Own. Endless efforts to stop sand mining at Thandwe District & Ngapali beaches by Rakhine State permanent Secretary U Tin Maung Swe for the protection of Rakhine coastal people, Investment and a Health Tourism development.

All Myanmar President best practise, good will and future vision orders were always taken down by Thandwe Township and District Administration Chairmen – 2013 to 2017 ( ret. colonels ) at than GAD. Today promoted to Nay Pyi Taw & Irrawaddy Division – Good Luck there, sad for the communities. 

Beach Front Ngapali, “Great RESET in Business is needed” (U Thaung Tun),- great and right to become Winner,,,,    

January 2014 – U Kyaw Soe Lwin, 2013/2014 administrator for Thandwe township, confirmed that an investigation team had been formed to examine the Zibigone – Ngapali hotel site. As Rakhine Prime Minister U Hla Maung Tin ordered the investigation of Illegal sand Mining at Rakhine beaches.  “ Following the chief minister’s trip we are now more closely supervising all construction in the beach area,” he said. “All need to follow correct procedures for constructing buildings in Thandwe area.” 

H.E. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi` s Rakhine Investment Summit showed it is not true, GAD tricked illegal away on 19. February 2020                      

The Investment Summit on 19.2.2019 already showed all delegates and now much more that “,– NOT ALL need to follow correct procedures in construction at Beach Front Ngapali today – A Great RESET in Business is needed ( U Thaung Tun ) – ( Long time said. Today 16.6.2020 two ( illegal ?? ) double story RC constructions are coming up direct ” On the Sabigyi – Gaw Beach Front ” north or Ngapali` s Airport. The GAD Thandwe still fresh and alert, knowing what is a NO GO – illegal and against the Law. They made the construction of the top beachfront buildings, as well the mountainous Beach sand pilled up all direct next to the Gaw RC Road. The GAD arranged that green garden nets were set up to ensure Myanmar State Counselor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in February 2019 would not see these all illegal, would not ask any questions while passing the sides direct on the way to the Rakhine International Investment summit on19.2.2019 … the same on the way back to Airport all illegal was very well hidden from the Myanmar Law Enforcement standards of H.E. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi,– tricked by Thandwe & Ngapali GAD ( ,…a green net – fence was enough that crimes against Myanmar Environment, Rule of Law, the coastal population of Rakhine people, against Tourism & Investment to Rakhine were hidden by the Thandwe administrators with the ” big – thick sun glasses ” of the just transferred GAD.    And that all to protect and show Myanmar has and grants international standards was the main reason for the Rakhine investment Summit on 19.2.2020. Reality until today is behind these green net – fencing. Of course all can be seen very easy as it is direct next to the main road. ( 16.6.2020 )    

Today it looks that Thandwe GAD is partly already in line State & Union Government \ as much as Beach Sand Mining, Rakhine peoples coastal area, investment &  tourism, future life and lively hood concerns. Ngapali 16.6.2020

A Chronology of Sand Mining, Ngapali / Myanmar – 2013 to 2020

2020 March 4th / Myanmar Farmers loose their land – as Singapore Enrich them self with it

2019 May 12th / Singapore exploits Myanmar farmers for Singapore`s growth,…

2019 February 13 / As GAD has shifted to President Office – reforms could happen, 34 million people at risk the NLD Government must act,….

2018 June 14th / Experts object firms beach sand mining – Thanintharyi region,

2017 February / Sand Mining Threatens Myanmar’s Tropical Rakhine Beaches by. Lauren DeCicca

2016 August 25th / Thanintharyi rejects export of Beach Sand to Maldives Islands

2015 December 11th – Lost Paradise – Ngapali Beach, Hans Hulst

2015 June Max Myanmar Group Supports Protection of Myanmar’s Costal Tourism Beaches

 2015 May 13th / Government pressure local Officials

2015 April 8th / Ministry orders ban on sand mining

2015 March 15th / in violation to Myanmar Union Ministry of Hotels & Tourism Beach areas directives  President Thein Sein` s GAD Thandwe township administrator U Than Zaw Han

2014 March 27th / Ngapali save Myanmar’s beautiful beaches from Greed & Destruction 

2014 March 27th/story: Petition to President Thein Sein ( Max joined ),”Danger to Ngapali Beach” at:

2014 March / Myanmar should avoid the Vietnam Disaster – terrible state of Vietnam’s beaches:

2013 December /13th  ” Max Myanmar in Hot Waters ‘,….                    

Myanmar s Governments tried many times to stop Beach sand mining:  13.3.2015 : ….U Phoe Yee Aung from Memento Hotel said. “ We need to make sure that we maintain these white sand beach resources because that is why tourists visit in the first place.”–  Mr E Soe Thet said there were other sources of sand in the area that could be used to supply construction projects. “Linthar beach is very narrow and flat so it is worse to take sand from there than other areas. Very quickly there will only be rock left,” he said. “It would not harm anyone if the sand was taken from north of Thandwe River, as well as south of the Salone villages. The government should do a proper environmental impact assessment.” — Ngapali 2013

‘Ngapali Beach will survive’, 

if we respect nature,

 if we respect rules, 

if we behave correctly, 

towards the environment, 

the future will be good, for sure there will be a great change,   

Concrete Sand

Concrete is a type of course sand usually made of gneiss, trap rock, granite, or limestone. It has earned its name because it’s the most common type used to mix cement or hot asphalt.Aug 28, 2018

What is river sand used for?

River Sand for Construction Sand is used as fine aggregate in mortars and concrete. Natural river sand is the most preferred choice as a fine aggregate material. River sand is a product of natural weathering of rocks over a period of millions of years. It is mined from the river beds. Oct 14, 2012

5 Standards for Sand & Gravel Options in Construction

  1. Coarse Crushed Limestone Gravel. Coarse crushed limestone is the largest type of construction gravel. … 
  2. Pit or Coarse Sand. Pit or coarse sand features thick, hard, often sharp particles. … 
  3. Crushed Clean Stone. … 
  4. Fine Limestone Gravel. … 
  5. River Sand.

Research reveals that sand mining operations are affecting animal species, including fish, dolphins, crustaceans, and crocodiles. Sand extraction has serious impacts on human settlements too. Increased erosion from extensive mining makes many communities vulnerable to floods and storm surges.Jul 19, 2019

In practice, companies dig sand in vulnerable natural areas and local fishermen lose their key capital: fish. Investigative reporting has shown that this happened in Vietnam, also as a result of the illegal export of sand to Singapore.

Singapore`s hunger to eat ASEAN Family members soil for own profit only,- also swept 24 Indonesian islands off the map to sell the sand in Singapore. This caused a dispute over the exact location of the international border between Singapore and Indonesia.

Capitalism goes into self-destruct mode

Sand Wars was the title of a popular 2013 documentary by the European channel ARTE. It prompted the United Nations to draft a report called Sand. Rarer than one thinks. It all makes this author think about one book from the 1930s.

In that era of emerging fascism, in his book War with the Newts, the Nobel Prize-nominated author Karel Capek satirised the short-sightedness of appeasement, the slow erosion of norms and a raw capitalist expansion strategy that ended with the loss of our coastlines by the very same creature humans created.  Little could he know that a century later, facts are trying to catch up with his science-fiction.

Sumaira Abdulali, 55, is now a public figure in India. The media call her the ‘Minister of Noise’ because of her activism against noise pollution in Mumbai. But she first became famous for her fight against the sand mafia.

Chronology of Mayaka Thandwe destructive Miss information ???                                

Did Thandwe Mayaka – Kayaka abused their own 27.1.2015 Law & Rules ?  Are they guilty of braking their own law – at least he got a promotion to Nay Pyi Taw

January 27th 2015 Documents provided to The Myanmar Times show that the Ministry of Hotels and Tourism reaffirmed a 2004 ban on sand mining on January 1, in Order No 2/2015. The Township General Administration Department, which U Than Zaw Han heads, also issued a local order – No 1/2015 – on January 27 that forbids the “digging of sand at the beach”,adding that anyone “found breaking the above-mentioned rules will face serious action according to the law”.


March 2015 Thandwe administrator, U Than Zaw Han, who told The Myanmar Times in early March that it was the Rakhine regional government that had given permission for mining at the three sites – Zeephyukone, Lintha and Gaw – with approval from the Department of Water Resources and the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry.


April 8th 2015 Rakhine State government, U Win Myaing, said he was unaware that sand was being taken from the beach in violation of government rules. ……. 

Max Myanmar, joined in 2015 the Alliance against Sand Mining at Ngapali and Myanmar Beaches. A spokesperson ( in 2015 ) said the company supports efforts to protect the natural environment in the area. “It strongly condemns the sand digging in the beach front areas and the surroundings of Ngapali beach which will have deep impact on the environment,” he said.

Despite the order, one of the groups mining the sand said the township administration had issued a tender and granted it a licence to mine sand in mid-March.  “The Thandwe administrator called a tender for mining licences and our civil society organisation … received a licence for one year,” U Nyunt Khaing said. U Than Zaw Han could not be reached for comment yesterday. ( 7.3.2015 )

Critics of the Beach sand mining in Myanmar say it is endangering the natural and cultural heritage – as well as future income opportunities – of the Rakhine people. Calling for stronger regulations and transparency over current practices, also education campaigns to explain the environmental effects.

“What is needed is laws, at union & the regional parliament level, to regulate sand mining in all locations,” said Vicky Bowman from the Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business. (March 2015)

Beaches protect the people who live on the coast against dangerous storm surges, which we will see more of in future with climate change. I think Rakhine State parliamentarians need to mobilise to address this, at local and national level, as do the hoteliers of Ngapali.” ( March 2015 )

Urge companies doing business in the tourism sector in Myanmar to report robustly on how they manage risks and impacts associated with investments and operations in the country. The US Government’s Reporting Requirements on Responsible Investment in Burma could be used as a framework for such disclosures.  Report harmful practices observed in/by tourism establishments, such as demands for facilitation payments or child labour either to authorities, tour operator, NGOs or online, for example,

Experts object to firms’ plans to mine sand in Tanintharyi Region

Thiha Ko KoThompson Chau 14 Jun 2018

A local company plans to extract 5 million cubic metres of sand over five years in sensitive coastal areas in Tanintharyi Region without legally-required environmental assessments. Experts warn that the proposed sand mining will be highly damaging to a nearby pearl farm, biodiversity and fisheries and livelihoods of local communities. The issue highlights some of the problems companies face when pursuing development plans in the frontier economy.

Two official documents seen by The Myanmar Times reveal that Kyaw KS Development Trading Co Ltd, registered as a local company in Yangon Region, is seeking approval to extract 5 million cubic metres over five years in Tanintharyi Region, claiming that there will be “no environmental damage”. There was no mention of environmental assessments.

Notice No. KDTC-Sea Sand 42/2018 from Kyaw KS, dated May 25 and signed by township administrator Tin Myo Aung, argues that the site of the sandbanks is “13 miles away from A Lae Man Island, where the locals live, and it does not affect the local fishing sites”, and that the extraction will attract investments for the regional government and residents. The letter suggested a “ground survey” and examinations to be conducted to check if there is overlap between the mining area and fishery sites.

Aung Thein Hlaing, township administrator at Kawthaung District, wrote to the District General Administration Department on May 28 that “The ground survey was conducted with district, township, and villages officials and responsible persons from the company, on February 24, 2018. It was decided after a meeting that as the mining project avoided the local fishing areas, there will be no objections. There will be no objection if Kyaw KS Development Trading follows the procedures and instructions from the Ministry of Mines/ regional government.”

The letter also revealed that Kyaw KS, under the name Shwe Phone Aung Kyaw Company, has sold 12,000 acres of sea sand from Ohne Taw Kan Village, in 1998, to Malaysia and Singapore for their Land Reclamation Project. The company has now partnered up with Singapore Delta Gold Pte Ltd to undertake the proposal mining activities, “with no environmental damage, using dredger vessels and shipping bus”, to extract the planned volume.

However, the information claimed in the documents is at odds with what experts and environmental specialists told The Myanmar Times.

EIA is required by law

According to Annex 1 of the Myanmar Environmental Impact Assessment Procedures, sand mining projects extracting more than 50,000 cubic metres per annum requires an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA).

Given that Kyaw KS plans to extract 5 million over 5 years, it is legally required to undertake an EIA prior to any activities. But so far, no evidence suggests that the company has done so.

“It does not appear that Kyaw KS have commissioned any assessment by a qualified company. All that appears to have happened to date is that Kyaw KS has met local stakeholders, organised by the township, to reassure them that nothing bad will happen as a result of their operations,” Vicky Bowman, director of Yangon-based Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business (MCRB), commented.

“An EIA should include assessments of the topography and biodiversity of the seabed area, and an assessment of surrounding sensitive areas which might be affected, and how to mitigate any negative impact. This is particularly important as the islands to the west of the proposed sand-mining area have high conservation value due to corals and marine biodiversity,” she explained.

It is also unclear how the company has progressed to this stage of seeking township approval and whether this was an unsolicited proposal. While many countries allow marine aggregate extraction, they do this systematically. Prospecting rights for marine aggregates, which are more certain than for onshore mining, are awarded by a commercial  tender process. This ensures that qualified companies are selected transparently, and that a fair market value is obtained by the state for the rights to exploit the resource. 

Impact on livelihoods

Governments which manage their marine resources effectively also use a “black box” on board the boat to monitor the area and volume of the extraction. Over the last decade, it has been common to see sand being smuggled, mainly to Singapore, from other countries like Cambodia or Vietnam due to illegal underreporting of extraction volume or value. Vietnam-based newspaper Tuoi Tre reported last year that Vietnam’s sand is being sold to foreign buyers at “dirt cheap prices”: more than ten businesses across Vietnam seem to have sold the sand at an average price of only US$1 per cubic metre, and in some cases, as low as $0.01 per cubic metre. By evading taxes, the companies are effectively robbing the country of its resources. That is one reason why some of these countries have banned it. 

“How will the Tanintharyi Region government ensure that it does not miss out on revenue due to the people of Tanintharyi?” Ms Bowman went on. Indeed, it is worrying that the 2015-2016 EITI report said that while regional governments may collect mineral taxes from gravel and sand producers, “in practice, there is no taxes collected from extractive industries at sub-national level”. Sand-mining is a part of the extractives sector in which much more revenue transparency is needed.

Marc Goichot, WWF’s water resources specialist, told The Myanmar Times that sand mining, despite its negative impacts on the planet, is a relatively new subject to decision-makers in Myanmar. Kyaw KS’s proposal is a large volume and he strongly suggested an EIA to be conducted and that the risks to the people living in the area, to nature and other economic sectors should be well-assessed.

“The coastal dunes act as a natural buffer that protection of people and their assets. Sand mining is understood to weaken those natural protections and thus increase exposure of coastal communities to the negative impacts of natural disasters like cyclones,” Mr Goichot noted. 

In addition, because this project needs an EIA by law, it is deemed to have significant potential negative environmental or social impacts and therefore also requires approval of the Myanmar Investment Commission even though it is a local company. If the value of the investment is under $5 million, this could be approved at the level of the Tanintharyi Region MIC, according to the new Investment Law. But the documents made no mention of the involvement of MIC. 

Threat to fisheries and biodiversity

Frank Momberg, Myanmar Programme Director at Fauna & Flora International (FFI), highlighted four highly damaging consequences for the environment and local industries. 

First of all, the proposed sand mining concession is partly overlapping with the proposed Langgan Marine Protected Area and is located just east of the already gazetted Langgan Locally Managed Marine Area, both harbouring the most diverse and intact coral reefs of Myeik Archipelago. Sand mining can “cause serious turbidity and sedimentation in the coral area leading to their destruction”.

Secondly, the proposed sand mining area itself is close to an important nursery ground for Indian mackerel. Increased turbidity and sedimentation can affect the nursery ground for this economically important fish as well as the nursery ground for devil rays, which are endangered and are on the IUCN Red List.

Thirdly, the proposed area is also close to an economically important pearl farm which depends on excellent water quality, which will be seriously undermined by increased turbidity caused by the sand mining activities.

Lastly, the area is close to (west of) globally important mudflats for threatened shore birds. Sedimentation of sand in the mudflats can change the substrate and feeding habitat of the globally threatened shore birds. Even if the direct overlap of the concession with key biodiversity areas is limited, the damage will still be serve owing to ocean currents the impact of increased turbidity and sedimentation, reaching far beyond the actual concession area.

“In summary, the proposed sand mining operation has a very high environmental, social and economic impact that cannot be mitigated and should therefore be cancelled,” the expert said.

From a marine biological science perspective, the proposal will “heavily” affect the fishery industry, according to Robert Howard, FFI Myanmar Marine Programme Manager. Biodiverse rich marine habitats such as coral reefs and seagrass beds, which are in close vicinity to this proposed project, are particularly sensitive to sand mining. 

Excessive sediment resulting from the mining process can smother corals inhibiting light needed for photosynthesis and increased in sediments can also clog canals and feeding structures of reef sponges. A rise in sedimentation is also known to increase pathogen virulence and in the Myeik Archipelago an increase in disease has already been reported for those reefs near to the Tanintharyi River catchment. 

“Sand mining will only compound this issue,” he said. 

“Both the seagrasses and coral reefs are critically important ecosystems as food sources, shelter, breeding and nursery grounds and further degradation will heavily impact biodiversity and many of the commercially sort after marine species,” Mr Howard observed.

“A local company has proposed to mine the sand from Bokpyin township. Currently, the government does not allow this. This proposal will be presented to the regional Hluttaw and we will discuss at the legislature whether to greenlight the request,” U Kaung San Oo, secretary of Tanintharyi Region government, responded to enquiries from this newspaper.

U Tin Htun, regional MP representing the Bokpyin constituency, said that he did not support the plan. “I heard that this area is designated for gold minerals. The person in charge should look at and scrutinise this proposal carefully,” he commented.

No contact details of the company are available online. The Myanmar Times visited the company’s address provided by its registration at the Directorate of Investment and Company Administration, but there was no one at the office.

The spokesperson of the Union Minister office of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation cannot be reached by press time.

Congratulation for this Success in Law Enforcement for Ngapali Tourism

Happy Birthday H.E. The State Counselor                                               

Thank YOU Most, for protect Myanmar Beach Sand by Order 

Ngapali Beach – Arakan, 19 June 2020

ZERO Beach Sand- River Sand ONLY – by Order at, near all Constructions – Succeeds over 90 % / Ngapali, Best Ever reached

Oliver E Soe Thet,– 

Environmentalist & Chef Consulting Tourism & Arakan Nature Protection Management

Former Environmental Advisor to Myanmar Government / President Myanmar Chefs Association                                                                                                                             Global Board Member, World Chefs Without Borders,  Ngapali Beach Front,-  Sweet Arakan within Myanmar, 19.6.2020

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