Saving Mangrove Forests around Ngapali Beach ( Laguna Lodge – ECO Hotel )

Saving Mangrove Forests around Ngapali Beach ( Laguna Lodge – ECO Hotel )

September 13, 2018 General News 0

As Laguna Lodge staff, Linthar & Myabin Villager,we like to safeguard and restore wetlands for people and nature.

Laguna Lodge ECO Fund finances – Mangrove re plantation with villagers.

Since years Laguna Lodge followed an idea – ” Saving Mangroves in Ngapali “,started to plan in June 2016, first activities in June 2017. In June 2018 first 2000 local seedlings were planted with volunteer villagers in Ngapali s rivers and 2000 more will be planted September 2018. 

To plant or not to plant? Stopping malpractices in using mangroves to increase coastal resilience…in coastal areas across the world raised enormous interest for the role that mangroves can play in reducing flood risk.  This is resulting in numerous projects to increase community resilience and reduce risk by restoring mangrove forests. On the ground these projects basically encompass massive and well-meant planting of red mangrove. Mangroves are a habitat for aquatic life and help protect the coastal environment, which is important as sea levels are rising because of climate change. Having learnt over the years in Ngapali much from U Win Maung & Dr Maung Maung Kyi – we felt since years to start a mangrove conservation also in Ngapali – mainly as here are much more eyes from media, foreign & Myanmar Tourists and authorities. The Idea was always to raise the awareness to protect Mangroves of Myanmar in Popular and much visited Ngapali Beach for the benefit and interest raised of the many ( some ) hidden projects and best work done since years by U Win Maung & Dr Maung Maung Kyi.

U Win Maung chairman of Worldview Myanmar, an non-government organization associated with Sri Lanka-based Worldview International Foundation, that is planting mangroves in Ayeyarwady Region.

A coastal area with mangrove cover less than 100 meters from the sea can reduce the impact of natural disasters such as cyclones by between 70 percent and 80 percent : citing research from Thailand.

1,060,000 mangrove trees, measured 2,359,440 tons CO2 in the ground in avoiding emission

Nypa Palm Trees.: Roofing – Poor, Low educated & Elder peoples last income.

Next to the Mangrove Trees we like also to highlight the urgency to keep on with the Natural Heritage in Ngapali and all coastline to protect and ensure contingency of nypa palm forests, plantation as these are next to protection of land from heavy sea also give jobs to the most poor and specially elder people can do this work of Deni roofing at home and grant an income. It also keeps the traditional roofing a Trade Mark for Coastal Ngapali villages for tourism. Deni – Nypa Palm roofs are sustainable and organic waste after use.

In Ngapali region due to green and corruption many Nypa and Mangrove river areas were land filled between 2013 and early 2016 under Thein Sein government – something which in 2000 never would be possible as it is highly illegal – these are ” River Areas ” and not land areas. One can harvest there ( as nypa leaves for traditional house roofing – deni Juice for local alcohol ). So it is highly illegal and one can never land fill or build on this ” River Land “. Through corrupt officials this was only possible in Ngapali coastal region that many acres already got destroyed and Mangroves & Nypa Palm Forests were taken off . Laguna Lodge likes to help protecting the coastal environment & reduce flood risks for villagers in all Ngapali coastal areas.

The scientific name of Nypa palm we used are as follow:


– Family Arecaceae

– Botanical name  Nypa fruticans Wurmb

– Myanmar name  Dani

– Rakhine name   Ohn

– Tanintharye name Paohn

Project Country : Myanmar

Location : Ngapali Beach – Linthar & Myabin villages, Thandwe District

Duration:1st June 2016 to 31st July 2020

Laguna Lodge ECO Fund Grant Amount : 2000 $ US ( 1.6.2018 )

Objectives   —   The objectives of this Laguna Lodge, Ngapali project are forth fold:

1.) to create awareness among local communities of the importance of Ngapali Beach lagoons and its flora and fauna to their daily lives;

2.) to mobilize the communities to protect the lagoon environment effectively.

3.) to protect, replant these natural Ngapali Heritage sites as livelihood for many marine species as well great Tourism Attractions as mangrove forests itself and all marine nature living within = protect, ensure and create old & new jobs & income for local Ngapali village communities,- often for the most poor, elder or people with low education can earn here a living.

4.) create more – but real positive Image News & Media on Ngapali Beach for sustainable Tourism likes and development. Create more positive Media Image for Myanmar.


Ngapali Beach lagoons are both an important ecological resource, providing habitats for many resident and migratory bird species, and an important economic resource, supporting the livelihoods of thousands of fishermen,- vocational training and sustainable jobs and income for young people in the Ngapali Tourism industry as long Ngapali can be offered as natural destination.

In recent years, however, the lagoons have seen heavy loss of the mangroves along its shores.  Illegal Landfills for Tourism Projects changed already much landscape and destroyed already much space.  Development and the civil ( closed eye politics at GAD, district, township and village level administration , possible corruption & bribery or green wash of much money ) conflict have led to the clearing of 70% of these mangroves & Nypa Palm forests in Ngapali area , reportedly causing a decline in fish and prawn sizes and catches. Local communities also complain of reduced firewood and timber supplies, and fewer reptiles and birds. Well known and long time protected business people, mainly from Yangon or Mandalay region played a major role in just landfill into the rivers and lagoons of Ngapali Beach for top Tourism development projects. Local authorities until today no law enforcement and no follow up despite an NLD Government at Union and State level. The Rakhine Government just stopped one 40 acre side in Ngapali from further progress. So a clear policy from Chief Minister or Union Environment & Forestry Ministry is missing up today. “Projects”  simply based on the purchase of most low cost areas in the rivers and river banks,- than try to transform them with the support of administrative heads of the region into 10,- 20,- 40 million $ US Tourism projects. Much damage is already done in Ngapali Beach area since 2001 and specially from 2013 to early 2016.

It is most vital, therefore, to raise awareness of the importance of the small remaining mangroves and Nipa Palm tree forest at Ngapali Beach and the fauna and flora that depend on them.

Target beneficiaries

Fishermen, elder people which work in Denie Industry ( Nypa Palm – traditional roofing money earning for elder, poor and not educated people living ) as well as natural heritage for Tourism growth around Ngapali Beach lagoons.


  • Awareness raised on the importance of mangroves and their associated fauna and flora.
  • Identification of two locations for planting mangroves, Linthar & Myabin villages.
  • Supporting of 4,000 seedlings & revenue support to people and a nursery in South Rakhine
  • Planting of 4,000 mangrove seedlings. 2000 in June 2018 – 2000 in September 2018.
  • Have mangrove seedlings always standby free of charge for villagers interested to plant
  • Give Tourists a chance to plant seedlings by their own will sponsored by Laguna Lodge

Ngapali Mangrove planting – Accomplishments and Challenges

Villager have come to appreciate the importance of mangroves through project activities. Project participants,- volunteer villagers  helped to replanted the seedlings in the lagoon in the hope that the resulting vegetation cover would help to restore the natural fishery and eventually improve fishermen’s & Ngapali s Tourism industry `s returns.

Community Support by Tourism, Seedlings we used were from south of Gwa,-                                                                      We bought the seedlings from a project village which lives now much from Mangrove farming – seedlings – with the purchase direct there south of Gwa we direct supported these villages from income at Ngapali Tourism sites. With boats the seedlings were brought to Gwa and from there by truck to Ngapali – Linthar at Laguna Lodge ” Solar Community Clinic ” project side.  

With the technical support of U Win Maung -, The Myanmar Mangrove Expert                              we planted 2 kind of mangroves.


1) Short seedlings – Scientific name : Ceriops tagal  (Perr.) C.B. Rob

– Myanmar name:  Madama Myaw

– Rakhine name   :   Kabine Yene


2) Long seedlings –  Scientific name :  Rhizophora  apiculata Bl.

 – Myanmar name : Byuchidauk Ahpo

 – Rakhine name    :  Byu or Mikyaungye


The planting encountered several problems due to changing weather conditions, including, retardation of root development by heavy rain. Further, young mangrove plants were browsed by human activities, and some did not survive replanting.

These problems and the work required initially made fishermen reluctant to support the project. It is much needed for repeated professional discussions that they have chance to realize the importance of mangroves and would appreciate to maintain the planting sites.

Contributions to cross-cutting themes

It is expected that replanted mangroves will increase the green cover in the area and thereby assist in mitigating climate change related effects to a certain extent. Boost the migration of lost marine animals which were lost which further fill the food chain and finally increase fishermen catch

Lessons Learned

The mangrove species used in planting must be sourced locally; other species unadjusted to local conditions may not be as successful and may also have a negative impact on the environment. The progress of planting and growing should also be regularly monitored.

With enough time and awareness-raising efforts, local beneficiaries can be encouraged to look after planting sites. Schoolchildren have been identified as being most receptive to awareness-raising activities at Ngapali Beach villages as well all Myanmar coastal areas.

See below more graphics below which role Mangrove Forests plan in CO2 Emission , thank you for support,- if you like to help, mail to – Oliver E Soe Thet, Laguna Lodge Myabin, Ngapali Beach,—    Yours Laguna Lodge – ECO Hotel team and Guests finding through ECO Funds…22.6.2018 

   Plantations in South of Ngapali regions

   Planting Mangroves South of Ngapali regions

See also the positive effects of :THOR HEYERDAHL CLIMATE PARK

at Pathein University’s Marine Research Centre in Ma Gyi, Myanmar.



Worldview International Foundation (in consultative status with the United Nations) has since 2012 conducted combined research and implementation of a mangrove restoration project in cooperation with Pathein University and Myanmar Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry.


  1. The project has by the end of 2015 planted and rescued 1,060,000 mangrove trees and measured 2,359,440 tons CO2 in the ground in avoiding emission


  1. This is measured and verified by Rain Trust Sustainable Ventures to 1600.000 tons CO2 for marketing on an annual basis per year for the next 20 years (Ref. attached Validation Report dated 2 January 2016).


  1. Additional 1 million new mangroves will be planted during 2016, doubling CO2

mitigation from the 1,800 acre restoration area

Saving the mangroves

Environmentalists are campaigning to prevent the destruction of the nation’s remaining mangrove forests because they provide protection from extreme weather and support a rich variety of marine life.


IF another powerful cyclone were to pummel the Ayeyarwady Delta it could have a more devastating impact than Nargis in 2008, one of the worst natural disasters in Myanmar’s history, environmentalists have warned.

The reason is the continuing destruction of mangrove forests that provide a coastal buffer against extreme weather.

To help protect the delta and other coastal areas where mangroves are or have been abundant, projects to rehabilitate, regenerate and replant the forests are taking place in Ayeyarwady and Tanintharyi regions, as well as Rakhine State.

“If a cyclone comes to the [Ayeyarwady] delta, the impact could be twice that of Nargis because most of the coastal areas are flat with no mangrove cover,” said U Win Maung, chairman of Worldview Myanmar, an non-government organisation associated with Sri Lanka-based Worldview International Foundation, that is planting mangroves in Ayeyarwady Region.

Deforestation has led to a dramatic reduction of mangrove cover in Myanmar.

Mangrove cover in Ayeyarwady, Tanintharyi and Rakhine fell from 647,497 hectares (1.6 million acres) to 376,357 ha (930,000 acres) between 1980 and 2007, show figures from the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation.

When Nargis roared out of the Indian Ocean and slammed into the delta on May 2, 2008, it killed an estimated 140,000 people and caused massive property damage. The United Nations said more than 2.4 million people were affected.

A 2009 study by the United Nations Environment Programme said Nargis “destroyed 38,000 hectares (93,900 acres) of natural and replanted mangroves, submerged over 63 percent of paddy fields and damaged 43 percent of freshwater ponds in the delta.” The report also said that pre-existing deforestation and the degradation of mangroves exacerbated the impacts of the cyclone.

The government has since built 54 cyclone shelters throughout Ayeyarwady but that is not enough for the region’s population of more than six million.

“We need the urgent rehabilitation, planting and enrichment of mangroves in our country,” said Dr Maung Maung Than, an environmentalist and mangrove specialist. “If we do not have a mangrove plan over the next 10 years, it will be to the great detriment of the country,” he said.

The ministry is working with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Japan International Cooperation Agency and Worldview International Foundation, to increase mangrove cover.

U Kyaw Zaw, director of the ministry, said mangrove cover in Ayeyarwady had fallen by 90 percent in the last five years, mainly because of shrimp farms and the illegal expansion of paddy fields.

A coastal area with mangrove cover less than 100 metres from the sea can reduce the impact of natural disasters such as cyclones by between 70 percent and 80 percent, said Maung Maung Than, citing research from Thailand.

Nearly 24,281 ha (600,000 acres) of coastal land in Myanmar is vulnerable to natural disasters because of the depletion of mangroves, said a ministry spokesperson.

U Aung Than Zin, chief executive of the Myanmar Environment Rehabilitation-conservation Network, said the main reasons for mangrove destruction in Ayeyarwady, Tanintharyi and Rakhine included charcoal production, and land clearing for shrimp and salt farms.

MERN is working with other organisations to try and protect mangroves, but a challenge they face is the use of charcoal as an energy source for cooking, said Aung Than Zin.

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